Metabolic Syndrome: The Bottom Line

Metabolic SyndromeMetabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome: Is more than just overweight?

What is metabolic syndrome?  Metabolic syndrome, aka Syndrome X, is a common condition that is every bit as prevalent as the common cold and likely way more expensive for us to treat.  Nearly 50 million Americans have metabolic syndrome and it have a family, age related, and ethnic predisposition.  Older Hispanics and African Americans are the highest at risk.  

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome: This a great image ftom the Texas Heart.  

To understand metabolic syndrome, you must first know what a syndrome is.  A syndrome is simply a set of medical signs that correlate with one another and often a particular disease or complex of diseases.  Signs are different from symptoms in that they are what the medical provider finds and symptoms  are what the patient reports.   

So metabolic syndrome is a group of 5 potential signs of underlying or unreported disease.  To have the syndrome, patient must have 3 of 5 signs.  The signs of metabolic syndrome are abdominal or central obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated fasting plasma glucose, high serum triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels.  This particular syndrome predisposes the sufferer to heart disease, strokes, and diabetes.  

Texas Heart refers to metobolic syndrome as the perfect storm and they are absolutely correct.  Over one third of Americans suffer form metabolic syndrome and if you include the diseases it precludes, the numbers are higher.  Metabolic Syndrome is essentially the same diagnosis as pre-diabetes.  The good news is that it can be self treated.  If you have any of the symptoms, it is important that you are screened for metabolic syndrome to detect problems in the early stages when the body isn’t using sugar properly, but become a diabetic.

Keep in mind that the underlying causes of metabolic syndrome include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity and genetics.  If you ignor the warnign signs, metabolic syndrome will increase your risk of developing heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, kidney disease, and clautication (poor blood supply to the legs).  
The good news is that modest weight loss and moderate physical activity can delay and prevent type 2 diabetes and lower their risk of heart disease and stroke.  Moderation is not easy but is attainable and sustainable.  

Causes of Metabolic Syndrome:

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

Insulin resistance.  Insulin is a hormone that helps your body regulate blood sugar by increasing cell uptake of blood sugar or glucose.   In people with insulin resistance, the insulin doesn’t work as well so your body requires higher levels to regulate or remove glucose from the blood stream. This is an early stage of diabetes.  

Central Obesity.  Metabolic syndrome is becoming more common because of rising obesity rates. In addition, having extra fat in the belly seems to increase your risk.

Unhealthy or inactive lifestyle. Eating a diet high in unhealthy processed foods and not getting enough physical activity can play a role.

Hormonal imbalance. Hormones may play a role. For instance, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) — a condition that affects fertility — is related to hormonal imbalance and metabolic syndrome.

So why should you care?  Metabolic syndrome is directly tied to your increasing waist line.  If you have over  35-inch waist in females or 40-inch waist in males, you are high risk.  The syndrome results in more than just diabetes and heart disease, it also results in infertility and erectile dysfunction.  These two issues are just enough to convince most of there serious life quality ramifications of their poor decisions. 

How do I prevent it?

Since metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions and signs of oncoming illness, treatment starts with the underlying signs to prevent the disease it warns of in the coming future.  If you already have one of the disease conditions, treatment is as simple as treating the diabetes, hyperinsulinemia, high cholesterol levels, or high blood pressure you alreay have.  If you just have metabolic syndrome, exercise and weight loss are key to improving insulin sensitivity and lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels.  If you do have one of the metabolic disorders listed above, you should be under the care of a doctor to maximize control of them.  

Recommednation for Folks with Metabolic Syndrome:

  1. Lose weight.  Weight loss will increase insulin sensativity,
  2. Exercise.  Muscle growth and exrcise will also reduce insulin sensativtiy.  
  3. Stop smoking.  Tobacco increases your risk for heart disease.  
  4. Moderate alcohol use.  Alcohol is empty calories and can icnrease risk for high blood pressure.  

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About the Author

I am a family physician who has served in the US Army. In 2016, I found myself overweight, out of shape, and unhealthy, so I made a change to improve my health. This blog is the chronology of my path to better health and what I have learned along the way.

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